:: Riverside Junior Woman's Club Records

Introduction

The collection of the Riverside Junior Woman's Club consists of a wide range of materials, dating primarily from the 1940s and 1950s, and a few items dating from the 1970s. These items include scrapbooks, club directories, reports, correspondence, photographs, newsletters, and awards. The collection contains information on the club's assistance with the Children's League, the formation of the Dental Health program, and participation in the Build a Better Community program.

This collection provides information not only about this long-standing Riverside social and civic club, but also takes a look at women's culture in post World War II America.

Administrative History

The Riverside Junior Woman's Club (RJWC) was founded in 1942, sponsored by its sister organization, the Riverside Woman's Club. The RJWC formed with fifteen charter members. Individuals under 35 qualified for membership, while those over the age limit graduated to the senior woman's club. The RJWC later eliminated the age limit.

The RJWC served as an organization for social events and community projects. Members were expected to donate a certain number of hours to charity per club year. One such program was the Children's Dental Health Service Plan. The project started in the late 1940s, with the intent of improving the dental health of Riverside school children. A dentist would visit the schools, conduct examinations, and send the reports home. Following the exams, the dentist would give a lecture on proper dental care. The RJWC assisted with this project in that they did the necessary clerical work and provided additional funding for children who needed further treatment for their teeth. The RJWC required their members to serve at least once on the Dental Health Committee.

In the 1950s, the RJWC met twice per month for business and social purposes. Business meetings involved planning for their on-going service projects and lectures. The social gatherings included both formal and informal events -- from card games to dances. By the 1970s, membership in the club had dwindled as women entered the workplace in larger numbers. The group had 24 members in 1975/76, compared to 73 members during the 1949/50 club year. In 1990, the group considered disbanding. A membership drive at the time saved the group. Adapting to the times, the group now holds evening meetings in order to accomodate members' work schedules.

Scope and Content

The collection is divided into five series and is kept in three boxes. Series I consists of seven sub-series. Sub-series A (club directory) has eleven folders from the years 1942 to 1976 -- many seasons are not found in the collection.

Sub-series B consists of two books regarding Club and federation procedures. Folder 1 is an undated booklet, Club Ethics: Riverside Junior Woman's Club. Used by members to regulate activities, the book provided guidelines for responsibilities, dues, committees, guests, new memberships, terminating membership, and meetings. Folder 2 is a 1949/50 manual, P's and Cues, by the California Federal of Women's Clubs for junior club presidents. The manual contains a variety of sections, most notably guidelines for various awards given by the state federation including the Build a Better Community (BABC) state project. Sub-series C is a guest book kept from the years 1943 to 1949. Sub-series D (Folders 1 to 4) contains financial documents such as tax records, treasurer's statements, and receipts. Sub-series E has material concerning club membership, divided into three folders. The items date to the 1940s. Sub-series F is divided into two folders of minutes from the 1940s. Sub-series G consists of chairman, committee, and project reports. The series has twenty-three folders arranged alphabetically.

Series II includes items related to outreach programs performed by the RJWC. The series is divided into six sub-series. Sub-series A is divided into six folders which contain various materials related to the RJWC's dental health plan for Riverside schoolchildren from the 1940s and 1950s. Sub-series B has two folders of materials from the RJWC's representative to the Children's League in the 1950s. Sub-series C has paperwork related to youth services. Sub-series D contains certificates awarded to the RJWC from the state federation. Sub-series E consists of photographs from social services programs. Sub-series F has various publications that seem to relate to the RJWC's own outreach projects.

Series III contains publications related to women's clubs. The items include the RJWC's newsletters, magazines from the California Federation of Women's Clubs, and a recipe bok compiled by the RJWC.

Series IV is divided into two sub-series: community and publicity. Sub-series A contains five folders regarding the club's community activities from the 1950s. Sub-series B consists of two books regarding Club and federation procedures. Folder 1 is an undated booklet, Club Ethics: Riverside Junior Woman's Club. Used by members to regulate activities, the book provided guidelines for responsibilities, dues, committees, guests, new memberships, terminating membership, and meetings. Folder 2 is a 1949/50 manual, P's and Cues, by the California Federal of Women's Clubs for junior club presidents. The manual contains a variety of sections, most notably guidelines for various awards given by the state federation including the Build a Better Community (BABC) state project. Sub-series C is a guest book kept from the years 1943 to 1949. Sub-series D (Folders 1 to 4) contains financial documents such as tax records, treasurer's statements, and receipts. Sub-series E has material concerning club membership, divided into three folders. The items date to the 1940s. Sub-series F is divided into two folders of minutes from the 1940s. Sub-series G consists of chairman, committee, and project reports. The series has twenty-three folders arranged alphabetically.

Series II includes items related to outreach programs performed by the RJWC. The series is divided into six sub-series. Sub-series A is divided into six folders which contain various materials related to the RJWC's dental health plan for Riverside schoolchildren from the 1940s and 1950s. Sub-series B has two folders of materials from the RJWC's representative to the Children's League in the 1950s. Sub-series C has paperwork related to youth services. Sub-series D contains certificates awarded to the RJWC from the state federation. Sub-series E consists of photographs from social services programs. Sub-series F has various publications that seem to relate to the RJWC's own outreach projects.

Series III contains publications related to women's clubs. The items include the RJWC's newsletters, magazines from the California Federation of Women's Clubs, and a recipe bok compiled by the RJWC.

Series IV is divided into two sub-series: community and publicity. Sub-series A contains five folders regarding the club's community activities from the 1950s. *Sub-series B contains two folders recording club publicity from the 1960s. Though Series III contains reports, these reports differ from those in series I by being more in-depth and containing supplemental materials including photos and news clippings.

Series V contains miscellaneous material. The series is divided into two sub-series. Sub-series A has two folders. Folders 1 contains photocopies of newspaper articles from the mid-1950s, which pertain to activities of the RJWC and clubwomen in general. Folder 2 has oversized original newspaper articles. Sub-series B has assorted documents; the relationship of these items to the RJWC is unclear.

*A note about the item counts: a letter may count as one item, even though it consists of, say, two pages. And further duplicates of an item will also be counted as one item.

Series Description

Series I: Records of Club Business

Sub-series A: Directories

The series consists of directories from eleven seasons of club activities. The directories list federal, state, district, and local club officers; general regulations; committee members and chairs; a calendar of events; budgets; and membership lists. Though the directories cover a period of thirty years, sizable gaps occur in the collection: 1944-45 to 1945-46; 1951-52 to 1962-63; and 1967-68 to 1974-75. The collection does not contain any directories after 1976. Nor does it contain the directory from the Club's first year. The RJWC referred to these books as yearbooks, but the format is better compared to a directory of people and events.

Folder 1: 1942-43 (two items)

Folder 2: 1943-44 (two items)

Folder 3: 1946-47 (two items)

Folder 4: 1948-49 (four items)

Folder 5: 1949-50 (two items)

Folder 6: 1950-51 (two items)

Folder 7: 1963-64 (one item)

Folder 8: 1964-65 (one item)

Folder 9: 1965-66 (one item)

Folder 10: 1966-67 (one item)

Folder 11: 1975-76 (one item)

Sub-series B: Procedure Books

Though the club ethics booklet is undated, it may predate 1956 when compared to a newspaper clipping found in the "Youth Cooperation and Education" record book, 1955-56. The state manual provides background on Build a Better Community; Penny Art; youth conservation; installation procedures for club officers; and guidelines for annual reports.

Folder 1: Booklet, Club Ethics: Riverside Junior Woman's Club (one item)

Folder 2: Manual, P's and Cues, 1949-50 (one item)

Sub-series C: Guestbook

The guestbook contains the names, addresses, and dates of visitors to the RJWC. Also includes notations indicating the official position of the visitor. The entries are handwritten in the book, but other entries are written on tissue paper and attached inside the book.

Folder 1: Guestbook, 1943-49 (one item)

Sub-series D: Financial Records

The series contains four folders. Folder 1 consists of papers related to a fundraising event commemorating the centennial anniversary of Riverside. The RJWC received a commission from the plate sales. The items are arranged in chronological order, from December 1969 to June 1970, with undated items in the back. The material includes correspondence and sales totals on RJWC stationery. Folder 2 contains receipts. The items in the folder are arranged chronologically. Each item has been counted individually, although some were clipped together, perhaps to show that they were related expenses. Folder 3 contains documents regarding the collection of admission taxes by the RJWC. The folder contains correspondence from the IRS, various IRS tax forms, and cancelled checks paid by the RJWC to the IRS. Folder 4 contains two statements by the RJWC treasurer from 1947-48 and 1948-49 showing receipts and expenditures. The folder also contains bond paperwork (including three enclosures) from 1950 for the club's treasurer.

Folder 1: Fundraising -- Centennial Plates, 1969-70 (eleven items)

Folder 2: Receipts, 1943-1948 (thirty-two items)

Folder 3: Tax Records, 1942 to 1944 (ten items)

Folder 4: Treasurer's Paperwork, 1947 to 1950 (three items)

Sub-series E: Membership Records

This sub-series is divided into three folders. Most of the items are undated, with a few dating from the 1940s. Folder 1 has correspondence in the form of a cancelled postcard sent to notify the member of a change in dues as well as unsent membership notices still sealed in their envelopes. Folder 2 has blank forms and applications with multiple copies of most items. Of note in the folder is a blank proposal for a membership card from 1944, with a handwritten receipt regarding membership initiation on the reverse. Folder 3 contains membership lists in a variety of forms. A membership dues book lists the paid members from the years 1943-44 and 1944-45. It also contains financial information from 1943 and 1944. For example, the section on "The Bluebird" benefit presented by the welfare department of the club lists the show's attendance, number of tickets sold, expenses, amount sent to the community settlement house, and the club's profit. Folder 3 also contains correspondence between the RJWC and the General Federation of Women's Club in Washington D.C. with an attached list of paid members from September 1944.

Folder 1: Correspondence, circa 1949 (seven items)

Folder 2: Forms and applications, circa 1944 (four items)

Folder 3: Lists, 1943 to 1944 (three items)

Sub-series F: Minutes

The sub-series has two folders which both contain books of minutes. The books contain entries from the monthly executive board, business, and occasionally social meetings of the RJWC. The entries typcially run from September to June, with fewer entries made during the summer when the club was not in session. The entries are handwritten in ink with some pencil notation. In addition, Folder 2 has two entries on separate paper inserted in the book.

Folder 1: Book of Minutes, January 1942 to April 1946 (one item)

Folder 2: Book of Minutes, May 1946 to April 1950 (one item)

Sub-series G: Reports

The series is divided into twenty-three folders, arranged alphabetically, with individual items in the folders arranged chronologically. Though some items were not generated directly by members of the RJWC, Folder 1 provides background information on how some of the RJWC reports had been prepared. It includes guidelines on the Build a Better Community reports from the 1950s as well as an undated handwritten draft outline prepared by the RJWC. Folder 2 through Folder 23 consists of chairman, committee, and project reports. Many of the chairman and committee reports indicate the identities of the individuals who prepared the copies. Dates and names on a few reports seem to have been added at a later date. Some items also appear to have been originally bound in a binder and removed prior to the current processing effort. Folder 3 has reports made by the corresponding secretary of the RJWC from 1945/46, 1946-47, and 1952-53. Folder 4 contains six reports (two in outline form) regarding the activities of the federation coordinator including the penny art program, another state federation project. Folder 5 consists of two items: a chairman's report apparently from 1952 and a portion of the BABC report from 1954-55 regarding the flower show. Folder 6 contains annual reports of the hostess committee from the years 1945-46, 1946-47, 1950-51, 1951-52, 1952-53, and 1954-55. Reports in Folder 7 and Folder 11 (international relations and music) have uncertain dates attributed to them. One of the items in Folder 8 presents the report of the chairman's activities in the form of correspondence. Folder 9 has membership committee and chairman annual reports from 1945-46, 1946-47, 1950-51, 1951-52, and 1952-53, as well as a 1946 status report on closed membership. Folder 10 contains a seven-page report prepared by the mental health chairman and gives an in-depth account of the club's activities in this field. The report seems to have been prepared according to the BABC guidelines. Folder 12 contains reports from 1946-47, 1948-49, 1951-52, and 1952-53, as well as an undated report from the parliamentarian. Folder 13 contains three annual reports from the point system chairman. Points were given to members depending on the number of hours given to committee projects and club activities. The point system chairman from 1947-48 recommended in her report to abolish the system though the club would continue to require a certain number of community service hours from its members. The reports in Folder 14 detail the entertainment and educational activities presented by the program committee from 1945-46 to 1954-55 with no reports from 1947-48 and 1953-54. In Folder 15, the publicity reports are rather abbreviated, noting the dates when items were submitted for newspaper publication. The 1952-53 report does give more detail regarding the activities of the publicity chairman. The folder does not have publicity reports from 1948-49 to 1951-52. Folder 17 has the spiritual values chairman's reports from 1946-47, 1948-49, and 1950-51, as well as the inspirational chair's report apparently from 1952-53 and an undated "Go to Church" report. Folder 19 contains two reports from the close of World War II regarding the club's activities, including donations to the USO snack bar and aid to foreign children. Folder 20 consists of six reports (1945-46, 1946-47, 1948-49, 1949-50, 1950-51, and 1952-53), detailing the ways and means committee's fundraising efforts. Folder 21 has the welfare committee reports from 1945-46, 1946-47, 1948-49, 1950-51, and 1952-53. In addition the folder contains two copies of a community welfare statement of projects (including the number of hours and money contributed to the projects) and an abbreviated BABC on the welfare committee's activities -- all undated. Folder 23 has two reports on youth conservation, one of which follows the BABC guidelines, including hours and money spent on the projects. The item counts in the folders do not reflect the actual number of pages. Many items could be subdivided at a later date to sub-item level. Undated items are located at the back of their related folder.

Folder 1: Build a Better Community, 1956 & 1957, three items

Folder 2: Civil Defense, 1952-53, one item

Folder 3: Corresponding Secretary, 1945-46 to 1952-53, three items

Folder 4: Federation Coordinator and Penny Art, 1946-47 to 1954-55, six items

Folder 5: Flower Show and Allied Arts, 1952 and 1954-55, two items

Folder 6: Hostess Committee, 1945-46 to 1954-55, six items

Folder 7: International Relations, circa early 1950s, two items

Folder 8: Legislation, 1951-52 and 1952-53, two items

Folder 9: Membership, 1945-46 to 1952-53, six items

Folder 10: Mental Health, 1955-56, one item

Folder 11: Music, circa 1952, one item

Folder 12: Parliamentarian, Revisions, and Credentials, 1946-47 to 1952-53, five items

Folder 13: Point System, 1945-46 to 1947-48, three items

Folder 14: Programs, 1945-46 to 1954-55, eight items

Folder 15: Publicity, 1945-46 to 1952-53, four items

Folder 16: Recording Secretary, 1947-48 and 1952-53, five items

Folder 17: Spiritual Values, 1946-47 to 1952-53, five items

Folder 18: Telephone, 1952-53, one item

Folder 19: War Effort, 1945-46 and 1946-47, two items

Folder 20: Ways and Means, 1945-46 to 1952-53, six items

Folder 21: Welfare, 1945-46 to 1952-53, six items

Folder 22: Yearbook, 1945-46, one item

Folder 23: Youth Conservation, 1950-51 and 1952-53, two items

Series II: Outreach

Sub-series A: Children's Dental Health Service

The folders in the sub-series are arranged roughly chronologically from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s, with secondary material comprising the sixth folder. Folder 1 contains correspondence from 1947 to 1948 on the formation of a service plan in Riverside. The items are arranged in chronological order. The 19 September 1947 letter from Freda Dunwoodie to Mrs. Herbert Little of the RJWC originally included enclosures such as brochures and financial statements. It may have also originally included blank forms, which formed the models for the Riverside versions found in Series II.A.3. Original order has tried to be maintained for the sequence of materials associated with the Dunwoodie letter. Folder 2 contains contact lists used by the RJWC. The items are divided into three types: dentists contacted for a patient referral list circa 1947; PTA and school contacts (1947-48); and a list of patients (1948). Folder 3 has several blank forms including applications; permission for treatment forms; operation records; and Riverside City School District reports -- one for need for dental care, and the other for notification of dental examination. Multiple copies exist for some items. Folder 4 consists of questionnaires sent to RJWC members regarding their opinions on the Dental Health Service program. Folder 5 contains reports from the dental committee of the RJWC. The 1955-56 report has an incorrect date written in pencil on the first page. Folder 6 has photocopies of newspaper clippings from the late 1940s, including information regarding the attempt to form a dental health clinic, with the RJWC as one of its backers. Item counts do not represent the actual number of pages.

Folder 1: Correspondence, 1947-48, twenty-four items

Folder 2: Lists, 1947-48, eight items

Folder 3: Forms, circa late 1940s, eight items

Folder 4: Questionnaires, 1948, forty-six items

Folder 5: Reports, 1947-48 to 1955-56, four items

Folder 6: Clippings, 1947-48, eleven items

Sub-series B: Children's League

Folder 1 has four reports submitted by the RJWC representative to the Children's League, an organization for the children's ward at Riverside Community Hospital. The reports detail the activities of the league, such as proceeds from fund-raising and the activities of the RJWC representative towards the league's projects. The date on the first report of 1946-47 may be incorrect as the representative to the league is not listed in the club directories until the 1949-50 club year. Also, the individual who wrote the report, Ellen Leavitt, is listed as the chair of the department for 1950-51, although she states in the disputed report that she served as an "inactive" representative. Folder 2 contains photocopies of newspaper clippings on the Children's League, which had originally been pasted and bound in a binder, but had been removed prior to processing.

Folder 1: Reports, late 1940s to 1954-55, four items

Folder 2: Clippings, June 1952 to February 1955, nineteen items

Sub-series C: Youth Employment Services

The club may have participated in this project as part of their BABC program, arranging for funding and contacting other civic groups. The club did not generate most of the items found in the folder. Most items are not dated. Those with dates have a relative date range of 1956 to 1957. Multiple copies exist of one item.

Folder 1: Youth Job Placement, 1956-57, eight items

Sub-series D: Certificates

The RJWC received awards from the California Federation of Women's Clubs for most community service projects. The dates written on the awards look like they were added on at a later time.

Folder 1: Awards, 1950s, eight items

Sub-series E: Photographs

The photos in this sub-series are all 8 x 10 black and white shots -- apparently from various community functions such as Riverside Youth Job Placement, 1957. Only one of the photos clearly notes both the date and the event. The others do not.

Folder 1: Photographs, late 1950s, three items

Sub-series F: Related Publications

Folder 1 has three items: a manual from the American Hospital Association, Gift Shops and Snack Bars (1951); Your Child's Teeth, a publication from the American Dental Association (1952); and a newsletter from the Riverside County Association for Retarded Children, "Our Children's Pillar" (1957).

Folder 1: Miscellaneous, early 1950s, three items

Series III: JWC Publications -- State and Local

Folder 1 is a book of recipes compiled by the RJWC members with the recipes attributed to their submitter. The item is not dated but could be ascribed a relative date by cross-referencing the ads. Folder 2 contains five issues of the California Clubwoman, a publication by California Federation of Women's Clubs. The collection does not have issues between June and September of 1957. Folder 3 contains issues of the RJWC's "Chit Chat" from 9 April 1957 and 8 November 1960, with three copies of the latter one. The folder also contains a typed outline about the club newsletter (apparently from 1952 and prepared by the editor), relating its background and contents.

Folder 1: When the Veil Becomes an Apron, undated, one item

Folder 2: California Clubwoman, May 1957 to January 1958, five items

Folder 3: Riverside Junior Woman's Club newsletter, "Chit Chat," 1952-1960, three items

Series IV: Scrapbooks and Record Books

This series contains a variety of materials which were collected and divided into two sub-series: community and publicity. Sub-series A, Folder 1, is a scrapbook from the 1953-54 club year detailing their efforts for the Build a Better Community project. It includes a report, photos, clippings, correspondence, brochures, and a tally sheet on money and hours spent on the various programs and charities -- such as the Dental Health Program, Sherman Institute, and Children's League. Folder 2 contains two record books from 1955-56, one a draft and the other a revised version. The record books, Youth Cooperation and Education (one of which is a draft, and the other, a revised copy) include a report on the various community projects and clippings. Of note is the club's work with the Children's Tubercular Ward of county hospital. Their assistance in furnishing separate quarters allowed the children to move out of a ward previously shared with female psychiatric patients, thus improving the mental health of the children. Folder 3 is a scrapbook from 1956-57. It includes the 1956-57 club directory, newsletters of the Riverside Junior Woman's Club and the Riverside County Association of Retarded Children, and correspondence from charities. Folder 4 contains two copies (one a draft and the other a revision) of a record book entitled Crusade for Youth. Though it has a different name, the report in the record books is essentially the same as that found in the scrapbook of Folder 3. Folder 5 includes a report interspersed with pages of clippings, brochures, pamphlets, and a poster. It also includes a section on the BABC guidelines torn from another publication (most likely the federation manual from that club year). Sub-series B contains two books which record the publicity of the RJWC for the club years 1963-64 and 1964-65. The publicity record books are in a state of disrepair (there are signs of acid migration and pages are falling out). The books include radio scripts for CARE literacy program and highway safety; clippings on the Club's work for freeway phones; and the Japanese scholarship teas, which was an event held in conjunction with other area clubs (including the American Association of University Women). The scholarship teas raised funds for Japanese girls in Riverside's sister city, Sendai, Japan. The folders in each sub-series are arranged chronologically.

Sub-series A: Community

Folder 1: Scrapbook (green cover), 1953-54, one item

Folder 2: Record book, 1955-56, two items

Item A: Youth Cooperation and Education (draft)

Item B: Youth Cooperation and Education (revised copy)

Folder 3: Build a Better Community Scrapbook (white cover), 1956-57, one item

Folder 4: Record Book, 1956-57, two items

Item A: Crusade for Youth (draft)

Item B: Crusade for Youth (revised)

Folder 5: Build a Better Community Record book, 1957-58, one item

Sub-series B: Publicity

Folder 1: Record book, 1963-64, one item

Folder 2: Record book, 1964-65, one item

Series V: Miscellaneous

The series is divided into two sub-series. Sub-series A contains newspaper articles on the RJWC. Folder 1 contains photocopies of newspaper clippings. Folder 2 has original clippings (which were not photocopied due to their size). Undated items are located at the back of the folders. Sub-series B includes a variety of paperwork, though the relationship has not been clearly attributed to a particular department or project of the RJWC.

Sub-series A: Newspaper Clippings

Folder 1: Clippings, April 1956 to March 1958, twenty-one items

Folder 2: Oversized clippings, November 1956 to March 1958, three items

Sub-series B: Assorted Materials

Folder 1: Miscellaneous, twelve items

Related Collections

Riverside Woman's Club Records

American Association of University Women Records

 

Local History