:: Passports For Children Under Age 16

U.S. Passport applications for children under the age of 16 years require both parents’ signatures as provided by Code of Federal Regulations, Title 22, Section 51.28.


Effective February 1, 2008, both parents or child’s legal guardian must:

  1. Present evidence of child’s U.S. citizenship (see proof of citizenship and relationship requirements);

  2. Present evidence that they are the parents or guardian;

  3. Show valid personal identification; and

  4. Sign and take oath before an authorized passport acceptance agent.

The law requires that all applications be signed under oath under penalty of perjury. 

What If a Second Parent Isn't Available to Sign?
The appearing parent must: Do all of the above and present evidence that he/she has:
  • Sole legal custody of the child or
  • Notarized written consent of the other parent for the issuance of the passport or
  • Written statement explaining why non-applying parent’s consent cannot be obtained.
What If No Parent is Available to Sign?

If no parent is available to sign, the third-party in loco parentis must:

  • Appear with a notarized written statement or affidavit from both parents or custodial parent(s) authorizing the third-party to apply for passport. When the statement or affidavit is from only one parent, the third party must present evidence of sole custody of the authorizing parent.

Important Notice
U.S. Department of State
Bureau of Consular Affairs Passport Services
New U.S. Passport Requirement
All Minors Must Appear in Person

On February 1, 2008, Passport Services will begin requiring the personal appearance of all minors applying for U.S. passports. This new requirement is being implemented to enhance the accurate identification of applicants and aid in the prevention of international child abduction and substitution. Separate parental relationship documentation and consent requirements continue for children under age 16.

For additional information about passport application requirements, please visit travel.state.gov or call the National Passport Information Center.

National Passport Information Center
Toll-free: 1-877-487-2778 Monday – Friday 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., Eastern Time npic@state.gov


Passport Links
City Clerk Online Documents