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::  Water Conservation Tips
RPU Images Four Basic Ways to Save Water

1 - Economize - A lot of water goes down the drain needlessly because people think it is plentiful and inexpensive. Become aware of the amount of water you are using, and look for ways to use less whenever you can.

2 - Repair Leaks  - A leak of one drop per second wastes 2,400 gallons per year. Most leaks are easy to detect and repair with some basic knowledge and a few simple tools.

3 - Install Water-Saving Devices  - There are many devices you can either buy inexpensively or make yourself, such as aerators (to mix air with water); flow regulators (to reduce flow of water); and displacement devices (to reduce the amount of water stored in older toilets).

4 - Reuse Water - Used water is often suitable for other purposes, even with no treatment or filtration. During a severe drought, re-using water may be a necessity. When maximum conservation is called for, make the most of any water before you let it go down the drain.

More Tips to Save Water
  • Take shallow baths and quick showers
  • Turn off the water while brushing your teeth
  • Use a broom instead of a hose to clean sidewalks and driveways
  • Water your lawns early mornings or late evenings only when needed
  • Fix leaky faucets and pipes
  • Wash only full loads in washing machines and dishwashers
  • Keep water in the refrigerator instead of letting the faucet run to cool the water
  • Flush toilet only when necessary
  • Use a bucket of water and a quick hose rinse to wash the car
  • Fill your glass with only as much water as you can drink
Saving Water in the Bathroom

TOILET - Flush only when necessary. Don't use for cigarette butts, disposable diapers, etc.

Repair leaks - Check overflow pipes to be sure water is not draining. Add food coloring to tank water and check water in bowl in 15 minutes (do not flush). Color in toilet probably means that there is a leak.

Install a water-saving displacement device - For older toilets, you can buy or make a device to help displace the amount of water that remains in your tank. A weighted, plastic jug full of water is one device. Be sure that the installation does not interfere with the toilet's operating parts. DO NOT use a brick - it may disintegrate and cause problems.

Install an Ultra Low-Flush Toilet - New Ultra Low-Flush toilets use only 1.6 gallons per flush, or less. Through Riverside Public Utilities' ULFT Program, customers can receive rebates of up to $57 for each ULFT installed.

SINK -Fill bowl with water instead of letting water run when you wash, brush teeth, shave, etc.

Repair leaks - Attend to drips promptly.

Install water-saving devices - Try a faucet aerator to reduce amount of water used.

TUB OR SHOWER: Plug the drain before you run water. Take shallow baths. Keep showers short with pressure at low force. Bathe small children together. Repair leaks promptly.

Install water-saving devices - Use a low-flow showerhead, flow restriction device, or cut off valve (which lets you shut off the water at showerhead while you are soaping up and shampooing without changing faucet settings).

Saving Water in the Kitchen


Repair leaks - Check faucets and pipes for leaks. Replace washers; repair or replace fixtures if necessary.

Install water-saving devices - Use an aerator or flow restriction device in the faucet.

Washing Dishes By Hand - When washing dishes by hand, economize water use by scraping dishes without pre-rinsing. Soak pots and pans before washing. Instead of running water continuously, fill wash and rinse basins with water. Use minimum amount of detergent.

Dishwasher - When using your dishwasher by only washing full loads. Avoid using extra cycles, and choose a water-saving mode. Also, be sure to inspect all connections to be sure they are tight and dry and not leaking.

Food Preparation - Your water use when preparing foods by using a brush and a bowl full of water to clean food. Thaw frozen food in your refrigerator, not under running water. Cook vegetables with a minimum amount of water and save cooking water for soup stock.

Saving Water Outside the Home

HOSES - Check hose and connectors. Repair or replace leaky parts or sections.

Install water-saving devices - Use a nozzle that can be shut off or adjusted to fine spray. When finished, shut off at the house instead of at nozzle to avoid leaks.

DRIVEWAYS, WALKWAYS -  Use a broom, rake, or leaf blower instead of water to remove leaves, clippings, and debris.


Water slowly and thoroughly during cool, windless hours, as infrequently as possible. Let grass grow taller in hot weather. Use mulch in the garden and around shrubs to save moisture. Plant native and other shrubs that do not need a lot of watering. Consider alternatives to big, thirsty lawns. Consider a water-saving drip irrigation system that provides a slow, steady supply of water to garden, shrubs, etc. When Washing Vehicles - Rinse your car, boat, etc. once. Then wash from a bucket of soapy water and rinse it again quickly.

Swimming Pool - Keep water level in pools low to minimize splashing. Use a cover to slow evaporation (keeps water cleaner, too).  Repair leaks - Check walls, filtration systems, inlets; repair where needed.

How Much Water am I Using?
The average household uses about one acre-foot of water per year. That's over 326,000 gallons of water!  On average, here's how much water these everyday activities can use:
  • Landscaping (350 gallons per day)
  • Car washing (150 gallons)
  • Driveway cleaning (150 gallons)
  • Shower (40-70 gallons / 10 minutes)
  • Bath (20 gallons)
  • Brushing Teeth (3 gallons / day with faucet running)
  • Shaving (5 gallons / day)
  • Toilet (3.5-7 gallons / flush for older toilets)
  • Dishwasher (15 gallons / load)
  • Washing Dishes by Hand (20 gallons)
  • Clothes Washer (40-48 gallons / load)
  • Running the Tap (5 gallons / minute)